Tuesday, January 20, 2015

Neural Representations of Visual Stimuli in Human Auditory Cortex Correlate with Illusory Auditory Perceptions

Putin: Russia Has no Choice but to Develop Psychotronic Directed Energy

Vladimir Putin, prime minister and president-elect of Russia, has a announced new plans for his country to develop offensive l directed-energy microwave weapons .It was in 2002 that defense contractor Raytheon began development of the Active Denial System (ADS), a pain-inflicting directed energy weapon designed to disable and disperse crowds.  Somewhat failed attempts at directed energy weapons dates back as far as 1950s.  “Such high-tech weapons systems will be comparable in effect to nuclear weapons, but will be more acceptable in terms of political and military ideology.”  .“When it was used for dispersing a crowd and it was focused on a man, his body temperature went up immediately as if he was thrown into a hot frying pan,” said Anatoly Tsyganok, "just as  effective are using  different wavelengths and/or frequencies of microwave radiation that can alter brain patterns to induce upon masses alterations in   behavior."
Directed Energy via  high-frequency micro and macrowaves do not  penetrate more than a few thousandths of an inch into people’s skin, affecting the absolute outermost layers of skin to cause 'tolerable pain"More interesting are plans to further develop means of inducing methods of  crowd control upon masses that cause pain to the body via Directed Frequency but to the mind ,at least temporarily.*and much work is being done to learn how to best use Brain Entrainment to safely induce compliance in a manner that causes limited long term physiological or neurological problems .
PLoS OneView this ArticleSubmit to PLoSGet E-mail AlertsContact UsPublic Library of Science (PLoS)

  Sep 4, 2013. doi:  10.1371/journal.pone.0073148
PMCID: PMC3762867

Seeing Is Believing: Neural Representations of Visual Stimuli in Human Auditory Cortex Correlate with Illusory Auditory Perceptions


In interpersonal communication, the listener can often see as well as hear the speaker. Visual stimuli can subtly change a listener’s auditory perception, as in the McGurk illusion, in which perception of a phoneme’s auditory identity is changed by a concurrent video of a mouth articulating a different phoneme. Studies have yet to link visual influences on the neural representation of language with subjective language perception. Here we show that vision influences the electrophysiological representation of phonemes in human auditory cortex prior to the presentation of the auditory stimulus. We used the McGurk effect to dissociate the subjective perception of phonemes from the auditory stimuli. With this paradigm we demonstrate that neural representations in auditory cortex are more closely correlated with the visual stimuli of mouth articulation, which drive the illusory subjective auditory perception, than the actual auditory stimuli. Additionally, information about visual and auditory stimuli transfer in the caudal–rostral direction along the superior temporal gyrus during phoneme perception as would be expected of visual information flowing from the occipital cortex into the ventral auditory processing stream. These results show that visual stimuli influence the neural representation in auditory cortex early in sensory processing and may override the subjective auditory perceptions normally generated by auditory stimuli.

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